Poultry Farming In Kenya: Tips & Tricks

Poultry farming in Kenya is a major agricultural activity. 

It is estimated that there are about 2 million chickens, 100,000 ducks, and 2,000 turkeys in the country. 

The main poultry products are eggs and meat.

Poultry farming has many advantages. It is a relatively low-cost enterprise and it is easy to learn. 

Poultry also provides a source of income for many small-scale farmers.

The main disadvantages of poultry farming are the risk of disease and the need for a reliable source of feed and water.

Types Of Chicken In Kenya

There are three main types of chicken found in Kenya – the Red junglefowl, the Brahma and the Isa Brown.

The Red junglefowl is the wild ancestor of the domesticated chicken and is found in forests and woodlands. 

The Brahma is a large, dual-purpose chicken that is used for both meat and eggs, and the Isa Brown is a popular commercial breed that is known for its good temperament and egg-laying ability.

Read also: Spinach farming in Kenya: Everything you need to know

Reasons For Keeping Small-scale Poultry Farming Easy In Kenya

Small-scale poultry farming is popular in Kenya due to a number of reasons. 

One reason is that it is easy to keep small flocks of poultry. The birds are relatively low-maintenance and can survive on a small amount of feed. 

Additionally, poultry can be kept in a relatively small space, making it an ideal choice for those who live in urban areas.

Another reason why poultry farming is popular in Kenya is that it is a profitable venture. 

Poultry is a source of meat and eggs, both of which are in high demand in the country. 

In addition, poultry farming is a relatively low-cost investment, making it a viable business option for those who are starting out.

Finally, poultry farming is a good way to provide food security for a household. 

Poultry is a relatively easy way to produce eggs and meat, which can help to supplement a family’s diet.

Unique Features of Large-scale Poultry Farming In Kenya

There are a number of benefits associated with large-scale poultry farming in Kenya. 

Some of the key benefits include:

1. Increased production: A large-scale poultry farm can produce significantly more poultry than a smaller farm. 

This increased production can help to meet the needs of the local population for poultry meat and eggs.

2. Increased efficiency: A large-scale poultry farm can be more efficient than a smaller farm. 

This increased efficiency can help to keep costs down and improve profitability.

3. Increased jobs: A large-scale poultry farm can create jobs for local people. 

This can help to boost the local economy and support the local community.

Scale Of Poultry Farming In Kenya

The poultry sector in Kenya is characterized by a high degree of informality, with most poultry production taking place at the household level. 

However, there are a number of commercial poultry farms, most of which are located in the Rift Valley and Central provinces.

The total number of poultry in Kenya is estimated at around 15 million, of which only about 2 million are kept in captivity. 

Poultry production accounts for about 2 percent of GDP and employs about 1 percent of the workforce.

Poultry farming in Kenya is mainly for meat production, with a small proportion of the population engaged in egg production. 

The average annual consumption of chicken meat is estimated at 1.3 kg per capita, while that of eggs is estimated at 9.5 per capita.

Commercial poultry production in Kenya is concentrated in the Rift Valley and Central provinces, where the major breeds of chicken are kept. 

The main breeds of chicken kept in Kenya are the local White Fulani, the exotic Rhode Island Red, and the dual-purpose Cornish Cross.

The sector is dominated by small-scale farmers, who typically keep 1-5 birds. 

The average farm size is about 1.5 hectares. 

There is a high degree of gender specialization, with women typically engaged in small-scale poultry farming, while men are more likely to be involved in crop production.

Key Types of Poultry Farming In Kenya

Poultry farming in Kenya can be classified into three main types: layer farming, broiler farming and breeder farming.

Layer farming: In layer farming, female chickens, usually called hens, are kept to lay eggs. 

The eggs are then collected and used for consumption or sale.

Broiler farming: In broiler farming, male and female chickens are kept together to grow quickly for meat production. 

The chickens are usually slaughtered when they reach a certain weight.

Breeder farming: In breeder farming, male and female chickens are kept separately to reproduce chicks. 

The chicks are then used for either layer or broiler farming.

Poultry Farming Practiced In Areas In Kenya

Kenya has a long tradition of poultry keeping, which is mainly for egg production. 

In rural areas, poultry are kept mainly for the production of eggs and meat, while in urban areas, poultry are kept mainly for egg production.

Kenya has a well-developed poultry industry that is mainly concentrated in the Rift Valley and Central provinces. 

The main types of poultry kept in Kenya are chickens, ducks, and turkeys.

Poultry production in Kenya is mainly for the domestic market, although a small amount is exported. The main exported products are eggs and live poultry.

The main constraints to poultry farming in Kenya are the lack of quality feed and the lack of financial resources.

Poultry farming is a major source of employment and income in Kenya. 

It provides a livelihood for millions of people, and contributes significantly to the country’s food security.

The main poultry products in Kenya are eggs and meat.

The average annual egg production in Kenya is estimated at 1.5 billion eggs.

The average annual meat production in Kenya is estimated at 8,000 metric tons.

Different Types of Chicken Breeds In Kenya

There are many different types of chicken breeds in Kenya. Some of the most popular breeds include:

1. Rhode Island Reds: These are large, meaty chickens that are popular for their rich, dark meat.

2. Plymouth Rocks: These are another popular meat breed, known for their large size and good flavor.

3. Sussex: These are a dual-purpose breed, good for both meat and eggs.

4. Araucanas: These are a unique breed of chicken known for their blue eggs.

5. Dutch Hookbills: These are a beautiful breed of chicken with feathers that cover their legs and feet.

Types of Broilers In Kenya

There are three types of broilers commonly reared in Kenya: 

1. Local/indigenous broilers: These are the most common type of broilers in Kenya. 

They are smaller in size than the other two types and are usually slaughtered at about two months of age.

2. White broilers: These are the most popular type of broilers in Kenya. 

They are larger in size than the local/indigenous broilers and are usually slaughtered at about four months of age.

3. Red broilers: These are the largest type of broilers in Kenya. 

They are the most expensive to buy and are usually slaughtered at about six months of age.

Types Of Layers of Chicken In Kenya

There are different types of layers of chicken in Kenya. These include the following:

1. White Leghorn layers

2. Rhode Island Red layers

3. Plymouth Rock layers

4. Sussex layers

5. Brahma layers

6. Silkie layers

7. Japanese Bantam layers

Housing Management

Poultry farming in Kenya is a very successful business, and there are many people who are now doing it. 

It is important to have good housing management so that you can keep your birds healthy and productive.

The first step in poultry housing management is to make sure that you have a good building or shelter for your birds. 

The building should be large enough to house all of your birds, and it should be in a location that is protected from the wind and rain. 

The building should also be well-ventilated and it should have a good roof to protect the birds from the sun.

The next step in poultry housing management is to make sure that the birds have a clean and comfortable place to live. 

The housing should be filled with fresh straw or hay, and there should be plenty of clean water available. 

The birds should also have access to a good feeder and a good waterer.

It is also important to keep the housing clean. 

You should clean the housing every day, and you should also change the bedding material every week.

This will help to keep the birds healthy and productive.

Feed Requirement

The feed requirement for a layer depends on the weight of the bird and the type of feed. 

A bird that weighs 2.2 lbs. needs about 0.8 lbs. of feed per day.

Layer feed is a balanced diet that contains all the nutrients a layer needs to produce eggs. 

It is available in crumble or pellet form.

Chickens can also be fed scraps from the kitchen, such as table scraps, vegetable peels, and fruit cores. 

They can also be fed a commercial diet that consists of a mix of grains and protein supplements.

Poultry Farming Methods In Kenya

There are three main poultry farming methods in Kenya: free range, intensive and semi-intensive.

Free range poultry farming is the most popular method in Kenya. 

In this method, poultry are allowed to roam free in a designated area. 

The birds are allowed to scavenge for food and they are also given access to a water source.

Intensive poultry farming is a more modern method of poultry farming. 

In this method, the birds are kept in cages and are fed a controlled diet.

Semi-intensive poultry farming is a combination of the free range and intensive methods. 

In this method, the birds are allowed to roam free during the day, but they are kept in cages at night.

Problems Of Poultry Farming In Kenya

It is a lucrative business in Kenya, but it also has its challenges. 

One of the main problems facing poultry farmers in Kenya is the high cost of feed

This is because most of the feed ingredients are imported, which leads to high costs. 

Disease is another problem that poultry farmers face. Infectious diseases can spread quickly and can wipe out an entire flock. 

Poor weather conditions can also affect poultry farming, as rain can damage equipment and make it difficult to get feed to the birds.

Cost Of Starting a Poultry Farm In Kenya

Starting a poultry farm in Kenya can be a costly affair. The cost of setting up a small-scale poultry farm is estimated at KES 1.5 million. 

This cost includes the purchase of 500 chicks, construction of a poultry house and purchase of equipment. 

Final Thoughts On Poultry Farming In Kenya

Poultry farming in Kenya is a very profitable business. 

It is a very good way to make a living and to also provide food for your family. 

However, there are a few things that you need to know before you start the venture in Kenya. 

First, you need to have a good understanding of the different types of poultry and the different types of housing that are available. 

You also need to be familiar with the different diseases that can affect poultry and the treatments that are available. 

Finally, you need to be familiar with the different feedstuffs that are available and the nutritional requirements of poultry.

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