Garlic Farming In Kenya: Everything You Need To Know

Garlic farming in Kenya is a lucrative business venture.

Garlic is a crop that can be grown either in the field in Kenya or in a greenhouse. 

Greenhouse production offers certain advantages, such as protection from pests and diseases, and a longer growing season. 

Greenhouse-grown garlic is also typically larger and has a higher yield than field-grown garlic.

The first step in growing garlic is to plant the cloves. Cloves can be planted in the field in the early spring, or in the greenhouse in late winter or early spring. 

The cloves should be planted about 2 inches deep and 6 inches apart.

This garlic will grow best if the soil is rich in organic matter and has a pH of 6.5 to 7.0. Then the soil should also be well-drained.

Garlic does not tolerate wet soils. The garlic will need regular watering during the growing season. 

It is also important to provide adequate nitrogen and potassium to the plants. 

Fertilizer can be applied every two to four weeks, depending on the type of fertilizer. The garlic will be ready to harvest when the leaves start to turn brown and die back. 

The bulbs can be harvested when the leaves are completely brown. The bulbs should be allowed to dry for a few days before storing.  

Garlic is a crop that is grown around the world for its culinary uses.

Garlic is a crop that is grown for its culinary uses around the world. It is a bulbous plant that grows in cloves. 

The cloves are used to flavor food and are also believed to have medicinal properties. 

Garlic is a hardy crop that can be grown in a variety of climates.  (Allium sativum) is a species in the onion family. 

Read also: How  to start onion farming in Kenya

How To Plant, Grow, And Harvest Garlic In Kenya

Garlic is a perennial plant that grows best in USDA hardiness zones 5-9. It can be grown in other zones, but may not produce as much garlic. T

o plant garlic in Kenya, break the bulb into individual cloves, and plant them pointy side up, about 4-6 inches apart and 1-2 inches deep. 

Garlic does not like to be transplanted, so it is best to plant it in the ground directly. Garlic needs well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight. It will not do well in wet, swampy areas.

Garlic should be harvested when the leaves start to brown and die back.

The garlic bulb will be large and the cloves will be mature. Dig up the entire plant and hang it upside down in a dry place to allow the bulbs to dry. 

Once the bulbs are dry, they can be stored in a cool, dry place. Garlic is a bulbous plant that is in the onion family. 

It is a hardy plant that can be grown in many different climates. Garlic is planted in the fall and harvested in the summer.

To plant garlic in Kenya, separate the cloves from the bulb and plant them pointy side up. Cover them with soil and water.

Garlic will grow in most soil types, but it does best in fertile, well-drained soil.

Garlic should be harvested when the leaves start to brown. The bulb will be the size of a golf ball. 

Cut the stalk about an inch from the bulb and leave the bulb in the ground to dry.

To grow garlic, you will need:

  • Garlic bulb
  • Soil
  • Spade
  • Rake
  • Water

About Garlic

Garlic (Allium sativum) is a hardy, perennial bulb that is widely grown throughout the world. Garlic is a member of the lily family and is related to onions, leeks, and chives. 

The garlic plant grows to a height of about 2 feet and has a green, scallion-like stalk and a bulb that consists of several cloves.

Garlic is a versatile crop that can be grown in a wide range of climates and soil types. 

It is grown commercially in many parts of the world, including the United States, China, India, and Italy. Garlic is used as a food crop, as a seasoning, and as a medicinal herb.

Garlic is a good source of vitamins C and B6, as well as minerals such as manganese, phosphorus, and selenium. It also contains antioxidants, which may help protect against disease. 

Garlic is thought to have a number of health benefits, including reducing the risk of heart disease and cancer and improving blood circulation.

Take The Following 5 Steps

1. Dig a hole in the soil with a spade. The hole should be the same size as the garlic bulb.

2. Place the garlic bulb in the hole with the pointed end up.

3. Cover the bulb with soil and pack it down.

4. Water the garlic well.

5. Keep the soil around the garlic well-watered during the growing season.

These tips can help you succeed in garlic farming in Kenya

Can You Plant Store-bought Garlic?

Yes, you can plant store-bought garlic, but it is not recommended for those who are doing garlic farming in Kenya. 

Garlic bulbs from the store are often treated with a growth inhibitor to prevent them from sprouting in transit. 

This inhibitor will also prevent your garlic from growing. It is best to buy garlic bulbs that are already sprouted from a local farm or garden center.

When To Plant Garlic In Kenya

Garlic can be planted in the spring or fall, but fall planting is better because the bulbs will have more time to grow. 

If you are doing garlic farming in Kenya. You can plant garlic in the early spring, as soon as the soil can be worked.

It can also be planted in late summer for a fall harvest.

How To Plant Garlic In Kenya

Garlic is a cool weather crop that can be planted in the early fall or in the spring. To plant garlic, you will need to purchase garlic bulbs from a store or online. 

You will also need a spade or shovel, a hoe, and some organic matter, like compost or manure.

The first step is to loosen the soil in the garden bed with a spade or shovel. Then, use a hoe to make furrows in the soil. 

Place the garlic bulbs in the furrows, with the pointed end up. Cover the bulbs with soil, and then pack the soil down with your foot.

Water the garlic bed well, and then cover it with a layer of organic matter, like compost or manure.

Garlic should be planted in a sunny location. Garlic is a hardy, cool-season crop that can be planted in the fall or early spring. 

The cloves should be planted about 2 inches deep and 6 inches apart. Space the rows 18 to 24 inches apart.

The Different Types Of Garlic

There are three main types of garlic: softneck, hardneck, and elephant garlic.

Softneck garlic has a milder flavor and is the most common type of garlic. It is the type of garlic that is typically found in grocery stores.

has a milder flavor and is the most common type of garlic. It is the type of garlic that is typically found in grocery stores.

Hardneck garlic has a more intense flavor than softneck garlic and is less common. It is the type of garlic that is typically found in farmer’s markets.

has a more intense flavor than softneck garlic and is less common. It is the type of garlic that is typically found in farmer’s markets.

Elephant garlic is the largest type of garlic and has a very mild flavor. It is not as common as the other two types of garlic.

The Best Soil For Garlic

Garlic requires well-drained, sandy loam. Garlic does best in full sun but will tolerate light shade.

Add plenty of compost to the soil before planting. You can also add a general-purpose fertilizer, but avoid using a fertilizer high in nitrogen, as this will encourage leafy growth rather than bulb formation.

When planting garlic, make sure the cloves are pointed upward and spaced about 4 inches apart. Cover them with about 1 inch of soil.

Water regularly, especially during the early stages of growth. Once the bulbs have formed, reduce the amount of water to prevent them from rotting.

How To Store Garlic In Kenya

Garlic needs a cool, dry place to be stored. A cellar, garage, or pantry are all good places to store garlic. 

Make sure that the place is dark and cool, and that the garlic is not in contact with any other vegetables, as they will all spoil at the same time.

If you are not able to store your garlic in a cool, dry place, you can also store it in the refrigerator. 

However, make sure that you do not store it in the refrigerator for too long, as it will start to spoil.

 Garlic Pests And Disease

Garlic can be a very easy-to-grow herb in the garden, however, it is also prone to several diseases.

These include, but are not limited to Basal Rot (Fusarium culmorum), White Rot (Sclerotium cepivorum), Downy Mildew (Peronospora destructor), Botrytis Rot (Botrytis porri), and Penicillium Decay (Penicillium hirsutum).

Final Thoughts On Garlic Farming In Kenya

Garlic is most often planted in the fall (between late September and November) and harvested in the following summer (between June and August). In areas that get a hard frost, plant garlic cloves 6 to 8 weeks before the first fall frost date, before the ground freezes.

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