Capsicum farming in Kenya is a lucrative agricultural activity in Kenya. 

The crop is grown for its fruits which are used for making various dishes and sauces. 

The fruits are also used for making jams, jellies, and chutneys.

The main varieties of capsicum grown are bell peppers, chili peppers, and paprika. 

The bell peppers are green, yellow, and red in color. 

The chili peppers are green, red, and yellow in color. The paprika peppers are red in color.

The following are the main steps involved in capsicum farming:

1. Selection of a suitable site: The site should be well-drained and have fertile soil.

2. Preparation of the soil: The soil should be prepared by incorporating organic matter and fertilizer.

3. Seeding: The seeds should be sown in rows and covered with soil.

4. Irrigation: The crop should be irrigated regularly.

5. Weed control: The weeds should be removed regularly.

6. Pest control: The pests should be controlled using pesticides.

7. Harvesting: The fruits should be harvested when they are ripe.

Capsicum Varieties In Kenya: What You Should Plant

When it comes to capsicum farming in Kenya, there are a few things you need to take into account. 

The first is the type of capsicum you are going to plant. 

There are a few different types of capsicum, each with its own unique flavor and color.

Below is a list of the most popular capsicum varieties grown in Kenya, along with a little information about each one.

Bell Peppers

Bell peppers come in a range of colors, from green to red to yellow. 

They have a mild, sweet flavor and are perfect for adding to salads or cooking in dishes.

Hungarian Wax Peppers

Hungarian wax peppers are long and thin and come in a range of colors including yellow, orange, and red. 

They have a slightly spicy flavor and are perfect for adding to dishes or eating raw.

Jalapeno Peppers

Jalapeno peppers are small, green peppers that are spicy and hot. 

They are perfect for adding to dishes for a bit of heat, or for making salsa or hot sauce.

Anaheim Peppers

Anaheim peppers are long, thin peppers that come in a range of colors including green, and yellow.

Read also: Spinach farming in Kenya

Benefits Of Capsicum To The People Of Kenya

Capsicum is a vegetable that is enjoyed by many people for its unique flavor and nutritional value. 

There are many benefits to farming capsicum in Kenya.

Capsicum is a nutritious vegetable that is high in vitamin C and antioxidants. 

It is a good source of dietary fiber, vitamin B6, and potassium. 

Capsicum is also a low-calorie vegetable, making it a good choice for people who are trying to lose weight.

Capsicum is easy to grow and does well in a variety of climates. 

It can be grown in both sunny and shady areas, making it a versatile crop for small-scale farmers.

Capsicum is a popular vegetable in many countries, and there is a growing demand for it in the global market. 

This makes capsicum a good crop for farmers to export.

Capsicum is a versatile vegetable that can be used in a variety of dishes. 

It can be used in soups, stews, curries, and salads.

Capsicum is a profitable crop for farmers. It has a high yield and sells for a good price in the market.

Ecological Requirements

The climate in Kenya is tropical with two main seasons, a wet season (usually April to October) and a dry season (usually November to March). 

The ecologically ideal area for growing bell peppers is in the highlands, where the temperatures are cooler.

Soil Requirements

Bell peppers grow best in well-drained, fertile soils with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5.

Water Requirements

Bell peppers need at least 1 inch of water per week, especially during the flowering and fruiting stages.

Fertilizer Requirements

Bell peppers respond well to regular applications of nitrogen fertilizer. 

A balanced fertilizer such as 10-10-10 can be applied at the rate of 1 pound per 100 square feet every four to six weeks.

Pest and Disease Control

Bell peppers are susceptible to a number of pests and diseases, including aphids, whiteflies, nematodes, and bacterial spots. 

The best way to manage pests and diseases is to use cultural controls such as crop rotation, crop covers, and the use of resistant varieties.

Seed Selection

The best way to start your pepper farm is by selecting the right pepper variety to plant. 

There are many types of peppers, but only a few are suitable for farming in Kenya. 

The most popular types of peppers grown in Kenya are bell peppers, chili peppers, and paprika peppers.

Bell peppers are the sweetest type of pepper and they come in different colors, including red, green, yellow, and orange. 

Chili peppers are the hottest type of pepper and they come in different colors, including red, green, yellow, and orange. 

Paprika peppers are a type of chili pepper that is used to make paprika spice.

When selecting pepper varieties to plant, you should consider the climate and soil conditions in your area. 

Some pepper varieties are better suited for warm climates, while others are better suited for cold climates. 

You should also consider the type of soil in your area. 

Some pepper varieties grow better in sandy soils, while others grow better in clay soils.

You can buy pepper seeds from local seed stores or online seed stores. Field Preparations

Before planting pepper seeds in Kenya, the field should be plowed and harrowed to break up the clods and to level the surface. 

The field should then be irrigated to wet the soil. 

The pepper seeds can then be planted by broadcasting them evenly over the surface of the field. 

The seeds should be covered with a light layer of soil and then irrigated again.


The planting season for bell peppers in Kenya is typically between September and October.

Soil Preparation

The soil should be well-drained and have a pH of 6.0 to 7.5. Add compost or manure to the soil before planting to ensure good fertility.

Capsicum Farming Spacing

When planting capsicum, be sure to stagger the plants in staggered rows. 

For example, if you are planting four plants, plant them in two rows, with each row containing two plants. 

Space the plants 12 to 18 inches apart within the row.


Bell peppers can be grown from transplants or from seeds. 

If growing from transplants, purchase them from a reputable nursery. 

If growing from seeds, plant them about 1/4 inch deep and space them about 8 to 12 inches apart.


Keep the soil moist but not wet.


Fertilize with a balanced fertilizer every two to four weeks.

Pest Control

Keep an eye out for pests such as aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites. 

Use organic or chemical pesticides as needed.


Bell peppers are typically ready to harvest 70 to 90 days after planting. The peppers should be firm and brightly colored.

Major Diseases & Pests

This is a bacterial disease that affects the plant’s vascular system, causing them to wilt and die. 

The disease is spread through contaminated water or soil and can be controlled through the use of resistant varieties and crop rotation.

Fungal leaf spot

This is a fungal disease that causes spots on the leaves of the plant. 

The spots can range in size from small to large and can cause the leaves to yellow and fall off. 

The disease can be controlled through the use of fungicides.

Flea beetles

These small beetles can cause significant damage to pepper plants, skeletonizing the leaves and causing the plants to die. 

They can be controlled through the use of insecticides in Kenya.


These small insects can suck the sap from pepper plants, causing them to wilt and die. 

They can be controlled through the use of insecticides.

Capsicum Buyers In Kenya Local and International Markets Exist

It is a viable option, as there is a local and international market for the crop. 

It’s a member of the nightshade family and is related to the tomato. 

It is a fruit that is typically red, green, or yellow in color and is eaten either cooked or raw.

There are a few different types of capsicum, including bell peppers, chili peppers, and pimentos. 

The most popular type of capsicum for farming in Kenya is the bell pepper, as it is the most widely consumed type of capsicum in the world.

The local market for capsicum in Kenya is relatively small, but there is a growing demand for the crop. 

The majority of the demand for capsicum in Kenya comes from the international market, as the crop is exported to countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and France.

The international market for capsicum is relatively stable, and the demand for the crop is growing. 

This makes capsicum a viable option for farming in Kenya, as there is a demand for the crop both locally and internationally.

Capsicum Price Per Kg In Kenya

Capsicum farming in Kenya is done by smallholder farmers who sell to local markets. 

The price of capsicum per kg in Kenya varies depending on the season. 

In the high season, the price per kg ranges from KES 60 to KES 100, while in the low season, it ranges from KES 30 to KES 50.

Capsicum Farming Profit

Capsicum farming is a profitable venture in Kenya. 

The crop is grown for both the fresh and dried markets. 

The fresh market offers a higher price, but the dried market offers a steadier income.

In the fresh market, a kilogram of capsicum can sell for between Kes. 50 and Kes. 100, depending on the variety and the region. 

In the dried market, a kilogram of capsicum can sell for between Kes. 10 and Kes. 30, depending on the variety and the region.

The average yield of capsicum is about 1.5 kilograms per square meter. 

This means that a hectare of capsicum can produce about 1,500 kilograms of fresh capsicum or about 4,500 kilograms of dried capsicum.

The net profit from capsicum farming in Kenya ranges from Kes. 10,000 to Kes. 30,000 per hectare, depending on the variety and the region.

Best Capsicum Variety In Kenya

There is no one variety of capsicum that is best suited for Kenyan farming conditions. 

However, some capsicum varieties that do well in Kenya include the California Wonder, the Golden Bell, and the Sweet Italian frying pepper.

Conclusion On Capsicum farming In Kenya

Capsicum farming is a lucrative business in Kenya. The crop is grown for both commercial and domestic consumption. 

The demand for capsicum is high, and the crop is fetching a good price in the market. 

However, to be successful in capsicum farming, one needs to invest in good farming practices and use the right farming methods.

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